Mangalore International Airport (IATA: IXE, ICAO: VOML) (formerly Bajpe Airport) is a domestic and international airport serving the coastal city of Mangalore, India. The airport was opened in 1951 as the Bajpe Aerodrome and the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru arrived on the maiden flight.. In 2007-08 the airport handled 10,019 aircraft movements as compared to 6,268 the previous year.
The airport is located near Bajpe, around 20 km (12 mi) north-east of the city centre. Daily domestic flights are available to Mumbai, Bangalore, Goa, Kochi, Kozhikode and Chennai. Until 2005, its small 5,200 ft (1,585 m) runway meant that it could only handle Boeing 737-sized aircraft. Now Deccan and Indian Airlines use the Airbus 320 while Kingfisher Airlines use an Airbus 319.
This runway was located on top of a hill, with the landing approaches leading up to the extreme edges of the hill sides and called a table top runway.. The edges of the hill dropping into the valley from a height of about 90 m (300 ft) to 9 m (30 ft)) within a short distance of just 500 m (1,600 ft) on the east side of the runway and from about83 m (270 ft) to 25 m (82 ft) on the western side. An additional disadvantage was that the runway was not level with the height varying from 90 m (300 ft) to 83 m (270 ft) from east to west. Landing on this short runway at this airport was considered difficult.